Breastfeeding: Surgeon General’s Call to Action Fact Sheet


Breastfeeding is the cornerstone of infant and young child survival, nutrition and development and maternal health. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life, followed by continued breastfeeding with appropriate complementary foods for up to 2 years and beyond. Early and uninterrupted skin-toskin contact, rooming-in and kangaroo mother care also significantly improve neonatal survival and reduce morbidity and are recommended by WHO. Recommendations on mother-infant contact and breastfeeding must be based on a full consideration of not only of the potential risks of COVID infection of the infant, but also the risks of morbidity and mortality associated with not breastfeeding, the inappropriate use of infant formula milks, as well as the protective effects of skin-to-skin contact. This scientific brief examines the evidence to date on the risks of transmission of COVID from an infected mother to her baby through breastfeeding as well as evidence on the risks to child health from not breastfeeding. Attachments Download report PDF

Early initiation of breastfeeding to promote exclusive breastfeeding

Breastfeeding has many health benefits for both the mother and infant. Breast milk contains all the nutrients an infant needs in the first six months of life. Breastfeeding protects against diarrhoea and common childhood illnesses such as pneumonia, and may also have longer-term health benefits, such as reducing the risk of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence.

Current evidence indicates that skin-to-skin contact between mother and infant shortly after birth helps to initiate early breastfeeding and increases the likelihood of exclusive breastfeeding for one to four months of life as well as the overall duration of breastfeeding. Infants placed in early skin-to-skin contact with their mother also appear to interact more with their mothers and cry less.

Early and uninterrupted skin-to-skin contact between mothers and infants should be facilitated and encouraged as soon as possible after birth.

Breastfeeding has many health benefits for both the mother and infant. Publication date: ; Global strategy for infant and young child.

Through webinars, on-going technical assistance, and success stories, NACCHO shared lessons learned and effective strategies for local level implementation. NACCHO continues to provide training and technical assistance to local health departments and other community-based organizations to advance community support and continuity of care.

The goal is that selected awardee and REACH recipient will work together to improve breastfeeding continuity of care in their communities and increase community capacity to provide consistent, coordinated and high-quality breastfeeding promotion and support services. They all presented in this webinar. This community-level guide offers guidance and tools to help local organizations plan, implement and evaluate peer and professional lactation support programs.

It covers a broad range of practical information that will support communities to ensure evidence-informed practices for successful sustainable programs! The Breastfeeding team published two open-access peer-reviewed articles focused on social justice and lactation in the Spring issue of the Journal of Human Lactation. They were the top 2 most read articles of the Journal of Human Lactation! In ” Breastfeeding in the Community: Addressing Disparities Through Policy, Systems, and Environmental Changes Interventions ,” the authors share practice-oriented strategies for agencies seeking to implement community-level breastfeeding interventions through a public health policy, systems, and environmental change approach.

Browse the tabs above to watch past webinar, read the newly published peer-reviewed journal articles, and browse the Stories from the Field to learn more about the lessons learned, barriers, facilitators and overall successes! The series aims to identify public health solutions and promote equity in breastfeeding rates and access to care.

All webinars feature local breastfeeding project presentations. This series addresses specific strategies to truly understanding community needs in rural and urban areas. Both webinars feature local breastfeeding projects.

‘She can’t say no’: the Ugandan men demanding to be breastfed

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Despite the protections in place to support breastfeeding for employees, the burden still falls on working mothers to advocate for the resources they need, according to a new study from the University of Georgia. The study also revealed gaps in the quality and accessibility of breastfeeding resources in the eyes of working mothers.

McCardel and her co-author specifically wanted to better understand breastfeeding support in the workplace since federal guidelines went into place over a decade ago requiring employers to provide unpaid break time and a space other than a restroom for employees to be able to express breast milk. In addition to asking questions about their access to breastfeeding resources like private rooms, breast pumps and lactation consultants, the respondents were also asked about their experiences with combining breastfeeding and work.

Access to other resources like lactation consultants or breast pumps was less common. Many respondents also said they hadn’t expected to get much help from their employers, and there was a general lack of communication about the resources available to them. That’s a small fix that employers could implement today, said Heather Padilla, an assistant professor at the College of Public Health and study co-author.

This could be a supervisor, an HR director or a mentor, she added. Padilla said, “Employers who want to keep valued employees should think about how to create a workplace that considers the challenges that working mothers face. Materials provided by University of Georgia. Original written by Lauren Baggett. Note: Content may be edited for style and length. Science News. For their study, McCardel’s team surveyed female employees who performed a variety of jobs.

Medications- A Quick Guide for Parents

Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide. Midwives, health visitors and trained local volunteer mothers peer supporters are there to help you get breastfeeding off to a good start. They can give you lots of information and support when you need it.

If the only space available at a work site is a bathroom, can employers require employees to express breast milk there? No. The statute specifically states that the.

My son was only about a month old, and we decided to make a trip to the PX. Being in Germany, the PX was one of my favorite places to go. My mom was with me as my husband was deployed and she had come out for a couple of months to help with the boys. As we were shopping, I realized I needed to feed my baby. Mom stayed with my two-year-old, and I headed out to find a good place to nurse. I took a look at the food court: There were quite a lot of seats and some were pretty private.

Breastfeeding FAQs: Safely Storing Breast Milk

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Provides advice for new mothers on beginning breastfeeding, ensuring sufficient milk production, Use clean bottles or bags and date them.

Organization: Public Health Agency of Canada. Breastfeeding is a skill that mother and baby learn together. These 10 tips may help you reach your breastfeeding goals. Cuddle your baby on your chest for a gentle welcome to the world. Holding your baby skin-to-skin will help your body to start making milk and will wake up your baby’s feeding reflexes. This means that your baby will start looking for your breast sooner and your body will make more milk.

Babies are often more awake and interested in feeding in the first hour after birth. Stay skin-to-skin with your baby until after the first feeding. Hold your baby skin-to-skin as much as you can for the first days and weeks after birth. Skin-to-skin contact helps:. Sit or lie down comfortably. You might want to use pillows for support.

There are many breastfeeding positions, so find one that works for you.


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Health professionals and public health officials promote breastfeeding to improve infant health. Both mothers and children benefit from breast milk. Breastfed children have fewer ear, respiratory and urinary tract infections and have diarrhea less often. Infants who are exclusively breastfed tend to need fewer health care visits, prescriptions and hospitalizations resulting in a lower total medical care cost compared to never-breastfed infants.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , nearly 84 percent of infants are ever breastfed and 25 percent are breastfed exclusively through six months. As a part of the Healthy People initiative, two national goals are to increase the proportion of infants who are breastfed at six months and infants who are breastfed exclusively through six months by the year The law requires certain public health buildings to provide a shielded, hygienic space other than a bathroom, that contains a chair, working surface and an electrical outlet for use by members of the public to express milk.

Breastfeeding support, supplies and lactation counseling are one of these specified preventive services. The box allows you to conduct a full text search or use the dropdown menu option to select a state.

Frequently Asked Questions – Break Time for Nursing Mothers

Federal government websites often end in. The site is secure. Revised April PDF. Employers are required to provide a reasonable amount of break time to express milk as frequently as needed by the nursing mother. The frequency of breaks needed to express milk as well as the duration of each break will likely vary. A bathroom, even if private, is not a permissible location under the Act.

Sometimes mothers are told that they cannot continue breastfeeding while it is important to check reliable sources for up-to-date research-based information. Listed below are some websites that offer reliable information for parents and.

Based on what we know at this time, pregnant people might be at an increased risk for severe illness from COVID compared to non-pregnant people. Additionally, there may be an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth, among pregnant people with COVID Therefore, if you are pregnant, be mindful about reducing your risk of getting sick. If you are caring for children, you can teach them everyday steps such as proper handwashing to help them stay healthy and, in turn, help protect yourself and your family.

The best ways to protect yourself and to help reduce the spread of the virus that causes COVID are to:. If you start feeling sick and think you may have COVID, call your healthcare provider within 24 hours. As communities and businesses across the United States are opening, you may be thinking about resuming some activities , running errands, and attending events and gatherings. There is no way to ensure you have zero risk of infection, so it is important to understand the risks and know how to be as safe as possible.

People who are pregnant, and those who live with them, should consider their level of risk before deciding to go out and ensure they are taking steps to protect themselves and others.

Fact Sheet #73: Break Time for Nursing Mothers under the FLSA

Whether you’re a new mom or a seasoned parenting pro, breastfeeding often comes with its fair share of questions. Here are answers to some common queries that mothers — new and veteran — may have. Store it in clean bottles with screw caps, hard plastic cups that have tight caps, or nursing bags pre-sterilized bags meant for breast milk. It’s helpful to label each container with the date when the milk was pumped and your baby’s name if the milk is going to childcare providers.

You can add fresh cooled milk to milk that is already frozen, but add no more than is already in the container.

It’s helpful to label each container with the date when the milk was pumped (and your baby’s name if the milk is going to childcare providers). You can add fresh.

It will be updated as new information becomes available. Spanish German French Italian. The WHO updates the information regularly. Please use the links below to go directly to the websites. How to nourish your child following the current expert guidance. Skin-to-skin contact and early, exclusive breastfeeding helps your baby to thrive, and there is no reason to discontinue in the wake of this virus.

To date, the transmission of active COVID virus that can cause infection through breastmilk and breastfeeding has not been detected. If you are about to have a baby, you should be supported to breastfeed safely, hold your newborn skin-to-skin, and share a room with your baby. Breast milk provides protection against many illnesses and is the best source of nutrition for most infants.


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